Psychosynthesis is an approach to self realisation and the development of human potential developed by the Italian psychiatrist Roberto Assagioli in the early 20th Century. The model is an integrative one and combines principles and techniques from Psychoanalysis as well as Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology.
In developing psychosynthesis Assagioli sought to address both the complexes stemming from unresolved childhood experiences ( ‘lower unconscious’ ) and the potential for creativity, inspiration and higher states of consciousness (‘higher unconscious’). Psychosynthesis thus works on both the personal dimension of growth – healing and integrating the personality, as well as the transpersonal dimension – working with inspiration, peak and unitive experiences, altered states of consciousness and spiritual or religious practices.
Assagioli saw the personal and transpersonal lines of human development as operating within a larger ongoing process of Self-realization; that which calls on us to discover and follow our deepest truths, giving meaning and purpose to our lives.
Psychosynthesis includes many tools and techniques such as: guided imagery, creative use of visualisation, the training of the will, free drawing, voice dialogue, integration of subpersonalities, disidentification, meditation, interpersonal and group work.